Volume 9 ~ Issue 3 ~ Series-1 [ March - 2019]


Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Does Prescription Quality Really Matters? Assessment of Prescription Quality in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Patients Using Prescription Quality Index (PQI) Tool

Country

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India

Authors

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Dr. Sunil N. Bhadiyadara || Dr. Jatin V. Dhanani || Dr. Varsha J. Patel

Page No.

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01-08

Paper Index
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XXXX

Background: Prescription is a written instruction given to a patient regarding of medicines. Quality of prescription has significant influence on patients' wellbeing and health outcomes. A large number of prescription quality assessing tools have been derived to analyze the quality of prescription. Objective: This study was conducted to analyze the quality of prescription in patients of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) at a tertiary care hospital with the use of Prescription Quality Index (PQI) tool and to evaluate the reliability of PQI tool. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational cross-sectional study was conducted to medicine outpatient department of tertiary care hospital. All patients of COPD attending for four months were enrolled. All the demographic details and prescription details with medical history were recorded. Total scores and criteria wise PQI scores were obtained for each prescription............

 

Keywords: Quality of prescription, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Prescription Quality Index tool.

[1]. Stoll H. Physician Assistant. A guide to Clinical practice. Chapter 12 -Pharmacology. The use of Medications. W. B. Saunders Company Ltd. Philadalphia, 2007. p. 206-19.
[2]. De Vries TPGM, H. R., Hogerzeil HV, Fresle DA 1994. Guide to good prescribing. In: Organization, W. H. (ed.). Geneva
[3]. Barber, N.: What constitutes good prescribing? Brit. Med. J. 1995, 310, 923–925.

[4]. Kumar J, Shaik M. Appraisal of prescription writing skills of preclinical undergraduate students in a medical institute of Nepal. JCMS Nepal. 2010;6(4):7–13.
[5]. Lawrence, M. & F. Olesen: Indicators of quality in health care. Eur. J. Gen. Pract. 1997, 3, 103–108.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Medicinal Plants with Antidiabetic Effects – An Overview (Part 1)

Country

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Iraq

Authors

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Ali Esmail Al-Snafi || Wajdy J Majid || Tayseer Ali Talab || Hashim A Al-Battat

Page No.

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09-46

Paper Index
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XXXX

Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common endocrine metabolic disorders. It caused significant mortality due to its complications. Insulin and oral antidiabetic drugs associated with a number of serious adverse effects. The search for more effective and safer hypoglycemic agents is one of the important areas of investigation. Medicinal plants possessed hypoglycemic effects by many mechanisms. The current review discussed the medicinal plants with antidiabetic effect with special focus on their mechanism of action.

 

Keywords: Diabetes, Insulin, Phytoconstituents, Pancrease, Blood glucose, Beta cell, Antidiabetic, Hypoglycaemic, Medicinal plant.

[1]. Grover JK, Yadav S and Vats V. Medicinal plants of India with anti-diabetic potential. J Ethnopharmacol. 2002; 81(1): 81-100.
[2]. Al-Snafi AE. Chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Milfoil (Achillea santolina) - A Review. Int J Pharm Tech Res 2013; 5(3): 1373-1377.
[3]. Al-Snafi AE. The chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Adiantum capillus-veneris - A review. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology 2015; 5(2): 106-111.
[4]. El-Tantawy M, El-Sakhawy F, El-Deeb K, Fathy M and Hassan AK. A phytochemical and pharmacological study of Adiantum capillus veneris L. growing in Egypt. Zagazig J Pharm Sci1994; 3: 97-103.
[5]. Al-Snafi AE. The pharmacological and therapeutic importance of Agrimonia eupatoria- A review. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology 2015; 5(2): 112-117.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Fritillaria Imperialis- A Review

Country

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Iraq

Authors

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Ali Esmail Al-Snafi

Page No.

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47-51

Paper Index
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XXXX

Fritillaria imperialis is a source of various pharmaceutically active components included steroidal alkaloids, saponins, terpenoids, glycosides and many other compounds. It possessed anticholinergic, cardiovascular, anticancer, insecticidal, platelet aggregation inhibition and many other pharmacological effects. The current review discussed the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Fritillaria imperialis.

 

Keywords: chemical constituents, pharmacological effects, Fritillaria imperialis

[1]. Al-Snafi AE. Medicinal plants for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases - A review. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy 2017; 7(4): 103-163.
[2]. Al-Snafi AE. Arabian medicinal plants affected female fertility- plant based review (part 1). IOSR Journal of Pharmacy 2018; 8(7): 46-62.
[3]. Al-Snafi AE. Arabian medicinal plants for the treatment of intestinal disorders- plant based review (part 1). IOSR Journal of Pharmacy 2018; 8(6): 53-66.
[4]. Al-Snafi AE. Arabian medicinal plants possessed gastro-protective effects- plant based review (part 1). IOSR Journal of Pharmacy 2018; 8(7): 77-95.
[5]. Al-Snafi AE. Arabian medicinal plants with analgesic and antipyretic effects- plant based review (Part 1). IOSR Journal of Pharmacy 2018; 8(6): 81-102.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Medicinal Plants with Central Nervous Activity- An Overview (Part 1)

Country

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Iraq

Authors

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Ali Esmail Al-Snafi || Tayseer Ali Talab || Wajdy J Majid

Page No.

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52-102

Paper Index
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XXXX

The recent studies showed that many plants affected the central nervous system and exerted many pharmacological effects including sedative, anticonvulsant, antidepressant, antipsychotic, anxiolytic, anti-Parkinson, memory-enhancing, locomotor and neuroprotective effects. The current review discuss the central nervous effects of the medicinal plants with special focus on their mode of action.

 

Keywords: Medicinal plants, CNS, sedative, Anticonvulsant, Antidepressant, Antiparkinson, Antipsychotic, Anxiolytic, Memory-enhancing, Locomotor, Neuroprotective.

[1]. Rabiei Z and Rabiei S. A review on antidepressant effect of medicinal plants. Bangladesh J Pharmacol 2017; 12: 1-11.
[2]. Sarris J. Herbal medicines in the treatment of psychiatric disorders : a systematic review. Phytother Res 2007; 21:703-716.
[3]. Spinella M. The psychopharmacology of herbal medicine: Plant drugs that alter the mind, brain and behaviviaor. MIT Press, Cambridge, 2011.
[4]. Zhu HL, Wan JB, Wang YT, Li BC, Xiang C, HeJ and Li P. Medicinal compounds with antiepileptic/anticonvulsant activities. Epilepsia 2014; 55(1):3–16.
[5]. Al-Snafi AE. Therapeutic properties of medicinal plants: a review of plants with antioxidant activity (part 1). International Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology 2015; 6(3): 159-182.