Current-Issue

Volume 7 ~ Issue 8,~Version 1,~August - 2017


Paper Type

::

Research Paper

Title

::

Biodiversity of Earthworms and their Distribution in Different Regions of Uttar Pradesh state of India

Country

::

India

Authors

::

Om Prakash

Page No.

::

01-09

Paper Index
::
XXXX

Biodiversity of earthworm species in different states of India has been carried out by several workers in vairous ecosystems. After Stephenson (1923), nobody mentioned total species of earthworms of Uttar Pradesh. Present research article described 50 species with 28 genera and 06 families of earthworms from Uttar Pradesh state of India.In addition, their distribution in this state along with other parts of India and other countries was discussed.

 

Keywords: Earthworm fauna, Checklist, Distribution ,Uttar Pradesh state, India.

[1]. Agrawal, D. & O.P. Agrawal (2009).A study of the biodiversity of earthworms in and around Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. In: Earthworm Ecology and Environment (ed.S.M.Singh), International Book Distributing Company Publication,Lucknow ,India.p.15-24.
[2]. Blanchart, E. & J.M. Julka (1997). Influence of forest disturbance on earthworm (Oligochaeta) communities in the Western Ghats (south India).Soil Biology and Biochemistry,29:303-306.
[3]. Chaudhuri, P.S. & G. Bhattacharjee (1999).Earthworm resources of Tripura. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,India, 69 (B), II, 159-170.
[4]. Chaudhuri, P. S., S. Nath, & R. Paliwal (2008). Earthworm population of rubber plantation (Hevea brasiliensis) in Tripura, India. In : Tropical Ecology , 49 (2) : 225-234.
[5]. Chaudhuri,P.S. & G. Bhattacharjee (2005). Earthworms of Tripura (India).Ecology, Environment and Conservation,11(2): 295-301.

 

Paper Type

::

Research Paper

Title

::

Effect of Melatonin Premedication on Postoperative Analgesic Requirement in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Surgery

Country

::

India

Authors

::

Rajeev Kumar Dubey || Shivika Srivastava || P K Gupta

Page No.

::

10-15

Paper Index
::
XXXX

The pineal hormone, melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine), has several recognized functions that can make it an attractive option for premedication, including the regulation of circadian rhythms, and sedative, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and chronobiotic effects. The present study was designed to determine the effect of oral melatonin premedication on sedation, analgesia, and postoperative analgesic requirement in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study included 100 patients of either sex, ASA physical status I–II, scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy..................

 

Keywords: Melatonin, Premedication, Postoperative pain, Sedation.

[1]. Moyers JR. Preoperative medication. In: Barash PG, Cullen BF, Stoelting RK, eds. Clinical Anesthesia.3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven, 1997:519-33.
[2]. Kain ZN, Mayes LC, Bell C, Weismann S, Hofstadter MB, Rimar S. Premedication in the United States: a status report. Anesth Analg 1997;84:427-32.
[3]. Ebadi M, Govitrapong P, Phansuwan-Pujito P, Nelson F, Reiter RJ. Pineal opioid receptors and analgesic action of melatonin. J Pineal Res 1998;24(4):193-200.
[4]. Claustrat B, Brun J, Chazot G. The basic physiology and pathophysiology of melatonin. Sleep Med Rev 2005;9(1):11-24.
[5]. Reiter RJ, Robinson J. Melatonin: Your Body's Natural Wonder Drug. New York, NY, USA: Bantam Books; 1995.

 

Paper Type

::

Research Paper

Title

::

Spectral and Biological investigations of Nd(III) Juglonates

Country

::

India

Authors

::

Abhaysinh S. Kadam || Mrudula P. WADEKAR

Page No.

::

16-23

Paper Index
::
XXXX

Metal chelates of Nd(III) with Lawsone , juglone, Phthiocol and Plumbagin are synthesized and are characterized with the help of elemental analysis, Infrared spectroscopy, UV visible spectrosco and TGA. Morphological changes as a result of chelation are studied from their SEM photographs. The ligands and metal chelates are screened against four bacterial strains; B. subtilis, S. aureus, E. coli and P. aeruginosa. All the properties of chelates investigated are compared to explore effect of chelation and ring isomerism.

 

Keywords: Nd(III) chelates, Juglones, spectroscopic properties, antimicrobial activity

[1]. S. Padhye, P. Dandawate, M Yusuf, A Ahmad, FH Sarkar. Perspectives on medicinal properties of plumbagin and its analogs. , 2012, 32(6), 1131-58.
[2]. R. Jeyachandran, A. Mahesh, L. Cindrella, S. Sudhaka, K. Pazhanichamy. Antibacterial activity of plumbagin and root extracts of plumbago zeylanica L., acta biologica cracoviensia series botanica , 2009, 51/1, 17–22.
[3]. V. Ambrogi, D. Artini, DE. Carneri, S. Castellino, E. Dradi, W. Longemann, G. Meinardi, DI Somma M, G. Tosolini, Studies on the antibacterial and antifungal properties of 1,4 naphthoquinones, Br.J.Pharmacol. 1970,40, 871-880.
[4]. A. Brandelli, B. Delmar, M. Martinelli, V. Stefani, E. G. Gerbas, Antimicrobial activity of 1,4 naphthoquinones by metal complexation, Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. 2004, 40(2) , 248-253.
[5]. Y.B. Ji, G.S. Xin, Z.Y. Qu, X. Zou and M. Yu , Mechanism of juglone-induced apoptosis of MCF-7 cells by the mitochondrial pathway, Genetics and Molecular Research 2016, 15 (3): gmr.15038785, 1-16.

 

Paper Type

::

Research Paper

Title

::

Phytochemical Screening of Main Classes of Secandary Metaboloties From Boerhaavia diffusa Growing In Three Major District Of Kumaun Himalaya

Country

::

India

Authors

::

Shweta Majgaine || D. L. Verma

Page No.

::

24-29

Paper Index
::
XXXX

Boerhaavia diffusa belonging to the family Nyctaginace is is mainly a diffused perennial herbaceous creeping weed of India and well known for its traditional medicinal properties in Kumaun Himalaya. Keeping in the view the tremendous traditional use of B. diffusa as a medicine in Kumoun Himalaya. The study deals with the investigation of phytochamical screening of main classes of secondary metabolites from different parts (above ground components and below ground components) of B. diffusa collected from different study sites from foot hill to hot temperate valley of Kumoun Himalaya.

 

Keywords: Boerhaavia diffusa, Phytochemical Screening, Punarnava, Altitudinal gradient.

[1]. Costa, A. F. Farmacogonosia, Lisboa: Eds. Fundacao Calouste Gulbenkian, 1994.
[2]. Evans W.C., Trease and Evans Pharmacognosy. 14th Edt. Harcourt Brace and Company. Asia Pvt. Ltd. Singapore, 1997.
[3]. Horborne, J.B., Phytochemical methods: A guide to modern techniques of plant analysis. 3rd Edn. Chapman and Hall Publishers, London, U.K., 1998.

 

Paper Type

::

Research Paper

Title

::

Corrosion Inhibition Effect of Flower of Euphorbia Caducifolia for Iron in Acid Media

Country

::

India

Authors

::

Reena Sharma || Alok Chaturvedi || R.K. Upadhyay

Page No.

::

30-37

Paper Index
::
XXXX

Corrosion is a natural process. It is gradual destruction of metal by chemical or electrochemical reaction with their environment. It may be prevented by either alloying or by anti rust solutions. The naturally occurring plant products are eco-friendly, compatible, nonpolluting, less toxic, easily available, biodegradable and economic to be used as corrosion inhibitor. Euphorbia caducifolia has been selected to study its corrosion inhibition efficiency. It is easily available in any season...............

 

Keywords: Alloying, anti rust solution, corrosion inhibitor, Euphorbia caducifolia, weight loss, thermometric.

[1]. D. Kesavan, M. K. Gopirama and N. Sulochana, Che. Sci., Rev. lett. 1(1), (2012), 1-8.
[2]. H. Keypour, S. Salezadeh, R.D. Pritichand and R.V. Parish, Inorg. Chem., 11, (2000), 5787.
[3]. W. T. Tseng, C. H. Lo and S. C. Lee, J. of Electrochem. Society, 148(5), (2001), C327.
[4]. S. K. Pal, A. Krishnan, P.K. Das and A.G. Samuelsen, J. Organomettalic Chem., 575, (2000), 5587.
[5]. R. Tripathi, A. Chaturvedi and R. K. Upadhyay, Res. J. Chem. Sci., 2(2), (2012), 18.