Current-Issue

Volume 7 ~ Issue 11,~Version 1,~November - 2017


Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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A comprehensive review on watermelon seed oil – an underutilized product

Country

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India

Authors

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Reetapa Biswas || Subarna Ghosal || Alok Chattopadhyay || Santa Datta

Page No.

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01-07

Paper Index
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XXXX

Watermelon seed is one of the underexplored and unutilized sources of oil containing essential fatty acids, vitamin-E, minerals and also have anti-oxidant activity and is suitable for cooking. The objective of this study is to aware people about the properties of watermelon seed oil and the potential benefits of the oil. According to most of the researchers' watermelon seed oil has positive impact on growth and it has cardioprotective, hepatoprotective and anti-diabetic effects. After thorough comprehensive toxicological investigation, animal studies, physicochemical characteristics and nutritional analysis, it is recommended that it is the demand of time to explore its commercial potential.

 

Keywords: Animal studies, fatty acids, physicochemical characteristics, watermelon seed oil.

[1]. Latha Sabikhi et. al., Chapter Four - Fatty Acid Profile of Unconventional Oilseeds, Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, 67, 2012, 141 – 184.
[2]. Mirjana Milovanovic et al, Characteristics and composition of melon seed oil, Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 50 (1), 2005, 41-47.
[3]. Guillaume Chomicki and Susanne S. Renner. 2015. Watermelon origin solved with molecular phylogenetics including Linnaean material: another example of museomics, New Phytologist 205, 526 - 532.
[4]. Armen Takhtajan, Flowering plants (2nd edn. Springer, 2009).
[5]. Muhammad Waqar Azeem et.al, Analytical characterization of pure and blended watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) oil: impact of blending on oxidative stability, Pak. J. Anal. Environ. Chem, 16 (1), 2015, 52 – 58.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Extraction and Purification of Yellowfin Tuna Fishbone Flour as an Ingredient of Future Traditional Medicine

Country

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Indonesia

Authors

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Ahmad Talib || Kartini Zailani

Page No.

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08-14

Paper Index
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XXXX

Yellowfintunafishbone flour contains high macro and micro minerals from its bone which can be used as an alternative ingredients to supply minerals for those who are allergic to dairy products. High quality extraction of fishbone will produce high quality medicine ingredients in the future. Medicine refers to any ingredients that can be used to influence and modify the physiological and pathological state to determine the diagnose, prevention, medicine, and health improvement of the patients in pharmaceutical field. The objective of this study is to perform extraction and purification procedures to fishbone flour as the future ingredient of natural medicine. This study employed an experiment design by trying out different solvents in boiling the fishbone to produce high quality fishbone flour..........

 

Keywords: Extraction, main ingredient, natural medicine, yellowfin tuna fishbone flour

[1]. Talib A, E, Suprayitno, Aulanni'am, Hardoko. 2014. Physico-Chemical Properties of Madidihang (Thunnus albacares Bonnaterre) Fish Bone Flour in Ternate, North Moluccas. International Journal of Biosciences (IJB)Vol.4, No.10.
[2]. Winarno.1997.KimiaPangandanGizi.GramediaPutakaUtama:Jakarta.
[3]. Anderson JJB. 1996. Calsium, phosphorus and human bone development. J.Nutr126:1153S-1158S.
[4]. CunninghamJG.1992.Textbookofveterinaryphysiology.Philadelphia:W.B.Saunders Company.
[5]. GanongWF. 1995. Fisiologikedokteran. P Andrianto, penerjemah; OswariJ, editor. Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC.Jakarta.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Importance of Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose in Gestational
Diabetes: Pharmacists' Role in Improving Patient's Compliance -
Pilot Study

Country

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Bulgaria

Authors

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Radiana Staynova || Stanislav Gueorguiev || Elina Petkova-Gueorguieva || Vasil
Madzharov || Stanislava Ivanova || Kalin Ivanov

Page No.

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15-19

Paper Index
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XXXX

Aim: The aim of the present study is to: (1) analyze the role of self-monitoring of blood glucose as a major component in assessing the overall control of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM); (2) assess the role of pharmacist as a provider of pharmaceutical care for women with GDM. Materials and methods: A study was conducted among 30 women diagnosed with GDM in the period February
2017 - July 2017. For the purposes of the study an original questionnaire was used, which was filled in by the respondents during their visit to community pharmacies on the territory of Plovdiv, Bulgaria. All pregnant women participated voluntarily and anonymously. Data was statistically processed using MS Office Excel for Windows 10 and SPSS software v.17.0..........

 

Keywords: Gestational diabetes mellitus, pharmaceutical care, self-monitoring of blood glucose

[1] Hod M, Kapur A, Sacks DA et al. The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) initiative on gestational diabetes mellitus: a pragmatic guide for diagnosis, management and care. Int J Gynecol Obstet. 2015; 131(Suppl. 3): S173–211.
[2] Ferrara A, Increasing prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: a public health perspective. Diabetes Care 2007; 30 (Suppl 2):141
[3] Benjamin E.M. Self-monitoring of blood glucose: The basics. Clin Diabetes. 2002; 20 (1): 45-47.
[4] Mensing C, Boucher J, Cypress M. et al. National standards for diabetes self-management
education. Diabetes Care. 2006; 29 (Suppl 1): 78–85.
[5] Karter AJ, Ackerson LM, Darbinian JA, D'Agostino RB Jr, Ferrara A, Liu J, Selby JV: Self-monitoring of blood glucose levels and glycemic control: the Northern California kaiser ermanente diabetes registry. Am J Med 2001, 111(1):1–9.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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In Silico Study of Usnic Acid Binding Affinity with Cell Wall Associated Protein of Staphylococcus epidermidis

Country

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India

Authors

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Ashutosh Pathak || Manisha Pandey || Anupam Dikshit

Page No.

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20-22

Paper Index
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XXXX

Lichens a unique group of fungus which associates with photobiont and forms a new entity and is well known for their biological activities. Usnic acid is a characteristic compound produced particularly by the lichen genera Usnea. Usnic acid was known for its antimicrobial activity against various human pathogens. Staphylococcus epidermidis, colonizes on clinical equipments and causes the infection in patients. Cell wall associated accumulation-associated protein (Aap) mediates the biofilm formation and intercellular adhesions. In present study, the binding affinity of usnic acid into the binding sites of Aap protein was investigated. In silico binding affinities was analyzed through Autodock Vina and the docked files were visualized via Chimera. The successful binding of usnic acid into the binding sites of Aap protein provides the insight into the capability of usnic acid into biofilm degradation and bacterial cell lysis. Although the oral administration of usnic acid is not safe as it causes hepatotoxicity but use of usnic acid as a disinfectant can be promoted and commercialized.

 

Keywords: Biofilm, Lichen, Staphylococcus epidermidis, usnic acid, Usnea

[1] C.J. Alexopoulos, and C.W. Mims, Introductory mycology 3rd edition. (New york: Wiley, 1979).
[2] K. Molnar, and E. Farkas, Current results on biological activities of lichen secondary metabolites: A Review, Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung C, 65, 2010, 157-173.
[3] E. Stocker-Worgotter, Polyketides and Pks genes in lichen-forming fungi: The impact of algal transfer metabolites (polyols and glucose) on the production of "lichen substances". Abstracts/Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A 14, 2007, S217.
[4] K.P. Singh, and G.P. Sinha, Indian lichens: an annotated checklist (Kolkata: Botanical Survey of India, 2010).
[5] M. Otto, Staphylococcus epidermidis - the "accidental" pathogen. Nature Reviews Microbiology 7(8), 2009, 555-567.